I recently wrote about how to configure a new self-signed certificate for Zimbra.
Today I want to explain you how you can do even better and setup a real SSL certificate by Startcom which will make those annoying browser warning messages go away 😉 And the best: It is all for free, thanks to Startcom! It is also important to have a real SSL-certificate for use with most smartphones.
Please note that you have to respect Startcom’s certificate policy, which might require a non-free class 2 certificate for your commercial use. See the policy for details. Thanks to Thomas for this remark. With “commercial” certificate, I here mean a “real” CA-signed certificate, which Zimbra calls “commercial”, no matter whether used in a commercial context or not.
First, create a Certificate Request (CSR) in Zimbra. To do so, ssh into your server, login as root and issue a command like this:
/opt/zimbra/bin/zmcertmgr createcsr comm -new -keysize 2048 -digest sha256
-subject "/C=US/ST=CA/L=Sunnyvale/O=Yahoo/OU=Zimbra Collaboration Suite/CN=host.example.com"
This is one line. What is important here, is that you use the domain name for which the certificate should be issued at the end (instead of host.example.com). Startcom will ignore everything else anyway, so you can leave country, state, organization and so on as is or change it, doesn’t matter. What is also important is that you define a keysize of 2048 as Startcom won’t accept 1024 bit keys anymore. This parameter is not documented in the wiki yet, and seems to be available for newer versions of Zimbra only. With a little trick, it should also be also possible for older versions of zimbra such as 5 (but better update to the new version anyway…).
Next thing you do is register at startcom if you do not have an account yet. You’ll get an S/MIME certificate by Startcom for free which you need to login to their control panel. Your browser will generate the secret certificate and store it in its internal storage. I’d recommend you to backup this certificate – you will not be able to login into your startcom account if you loose it.
Then at startcom, you use the validation wizard to validate your domain. This will send a mail to email@example.com (you can choose which one) with host.example.com being your domain. So you need access to one of these mailboxes to prove that you own the domain.
Then use the certificate wizard at Startcom to create a new certificate. Skip the certificate creation step! Instead, past the CSR created by Zimbra ( /opt/zimbra/ssl/zimbra/commercial/commercial.csr ) into the webform. (Better always create private certificates yourself, never use certificate generators by somebody else, not even the CA.)
Once the certificate is created by Startcom (usually takes some minutes), install it as described in the zimbra wiki:
- Store the new (public) certificate you get from Startcom somewhere (e.g. /root/commercial.crt )
- Download the root CA certificate
wget -O /root/ca.pem https://www.startssl.com/certs/ca.pem
- Download the intermediary certificate from startcom
# If your certificate is class 1:
wget -O /root/ca_intermediary.crt https://www.startssl.com/certs/class1/sha2/pem/sub.class1.server.sha2.ca.pem
# If your certificate is class 2:
wget -O /root/ca_intermediary.crt https://www.startssl.com/certs/class2/sha2/pem/sub.class2.server.sha2.ca.pem
- Combine them:
cat /root/ca_intermediary.crt /root/ca.crt > /root/ca_chain.crt
- Verify your certificate:
/opt/zimbra/bin/zmcertmgr verifycrt comm /opt/zimbra/ssl/zimbra/commercial/commercial.key /root/commercial.crt /root/ca_chain.crt
- Deploy your certificate:
/opt/zimbra/bin/zmcertmgr deploycrt comm /root/commercial.crt /root/ca_chain.crt
- Restart Zimbra
su – zimbra
I hope this post was useful so some of you. If you have problems with one of the steps, just ask in the comments.
Read here how to redirect http to https to enforce the use of https.